Rethinking Community From Peru: The Political Philosophy Of Jos Mara Arguedas (Pitt Illuminations)
Rethinking Community From Peru: The Political Philosophy Of Jos Mara Arguedas (Pitt Illuminations)
Rethinking Community From Peru: The Political Philosophy Of Jos Mara Arguedas (Pitt Illuminations)

Rethinking Community From Peru: The Political Philosophy Of Jos Mara Arguedas (Pitt Illuminations)

  • Publish Date: 2014-08-27
  • Binding: Paperback
  • Author: Irina Alexandra Feldman
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University of Pittsburgh Press
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Peruvian novelist, poet, and anthropologist Jos Mara Arguedas (19111969) was a highly conflicted figure. As a mestizo, both European and Quechua blood ran through his veins and into his cosmology and writing. Arguedass Marxist influences and ethnographic work placed him in direct contact with the subalterns he would champion in his stories. His exposs of the conflicts between Indians and creoles, and workers and elites were severely criticized by his contemporaries, who sought homogeneity in the nation-building project of Peru.

In Rethinking Community from Peru, Irina Alexandra Feldman examines the deep political connotations and current relevance of Arguedass fiction to the Andean region. Looking principally to his most ambitious and controversial work, All the Bloods, Feldman analyzes Arguedass conceptions of community, political subjectivity, sovereignty, juridical norm, popular actions, and revolutionary change. She deconstructs his particular use of language, a mix of Quechua and Spanish, as a vehicle to express the political dualities in the Andes. As Feldman shows, Arguedass characters become ideological speakers and the narrators voice is often absent, allowing for multiple viewpoints and a powerful realism. Feldman examines Arguedass other novels to augment her theorizations, and grounds her analysis in a dialogue with political philosophers Walter Benjamin, Jean-Luc Nancy, Carl Schmitt, Jacques Derrida, Ernesto Laclau, and lvaro Garca-Linera, among others.

In the current political climate, Feldman views the promise of Arguedass vision in light of Evo Moraless election and the Bolivian plurality project recognizing indigenous autonomy. She juxtaposes the Bolivian situation with that of Peru, where comparatively limited progress has been made towards constitutional recognition of the indigenous groups. As Feldman demonstrates, the prophetic relevance of Arguedass constructs lie in their recognition of the sovereignty of all ethnic groups and their coexistence in the modern democratic nation-state, in a system of heterogeneity through autonomynot homogeneity through suppression. Tragically for Arguedas, it was a philosophy he could not reconcile with the politics of his day, or from his position within Peruvian society.

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